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新gre阅读提高:应适当多做一些针对性练习

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2011-06-14 01:52

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新gre阅读提高

【 liuxue86.com - GRE阅读 】

  gre阅读需要考生具备的基本技能有:一定的词汇量,对句子基本的理解,熟悉考点和题型,智能读原文,选答案有方法、有技巧……这些技能都需要读者在大量的练习和总结中逐渐培养,下面就针对性练习给出一点建议。

  1.分阶段逐一解决问题

  1)解决阅读词汇问题

  2)了解长难句

  3)熟悉文章结构的判断

  4)对固定考点及题型进行强化记忆

  5)了解并熟练快速定位与原文改写的原则

  2.卡时间强化练习

  3. 考前分析、总结,集中解决弱点

  考前的分析和总结是必须要进行的一个训练,之所以要进行这个训练,一方面是在考前客观的了解一下自己的实力,另一方面就是这种训练能够帮助考生发现自己的弱点,在考前进行必要的弥补。笔者想借此机会给大家做个文章分析示范,希望对各位有所启发:

  例文 笔记栏

  In large part as a consequence of the feminist move-ment, historians have focused a great deal of attentionin recent years on determining more accurately the statusof women in various periods. Although much has been(5) accomplished for the modern period, premodern cultureshave proved more difficult: sources are restricted innumber, fragmentary, difficult to interpret, andoften contradictory. Thus it is not particularly surprisingthat some earlier scholarship concerning such cultures(10) has so far gone unchallenged. An example is JohannBachofen's 1861 treatise on Amazons, women-ruledsocieties of questionable existence contemporary withancient Greece.Starting from the premise that mythology and legend(15) preserve at least a nucleus of historical fact, Bachofenargued that women were dominant in many ancient soci-eties. His work was based on a comprehensive survey ofreferences in the ancient sources to Amazonian andother societies with matrilineal customs-societies in(20) which descent and property rights are traced through thefemale line. Some support for his theory can be found inevidence such as that drawn from Herofotus, the Greek"historian" of the fifth century B. C.,who speaks of anmazonian society, the Sauromatae, where the women(25) hunted and fought in wars. A woman in this society wasnot allowed to marry until she had killed a person inbattle.Nonetheless, this assumption that the first recorders of ancient myths have preserved facts is problematic. If one(30) begins by examining why ancients refer to Amazons, itbecomes clear that ancient Greek descriptions of suchsocieties were meant not so much to represent observedhistorical fact-real Amazonian societies-but rather tooffer "moral lessons" on the supposed outcome of(35) women's rule in their own society. The Amazons, wereoften characterized, for example, as the equivalents ofgiants and centaurs, enemies to be slain by Greek heroes.Their customs were presented not as those of a respect-able society, but as the very antitheses of ordinary Greek(40) practices.Thus, I would argue, the purpose of accounts of theAmazons for their male Greek recorders was didactic, toteach both male and female Greeks that all-femalegroups, formed by withdrawal from traditional society,(45) are destructive and dangerous. Myths about the Ama-zons were used as arguments for the male-dominatedstatus quo, in which groups composed exclusively ofeither sex were not permitted to segregate themselvespermanently from society. Bachofen was thus misled in(50) his reliance on myths for information about the status ofwomen. The sources that will probably tell contempo-rary historians most about women in the ancient worldare such social documents as grave-stones, wills, andmarriage contracts. Studies of such documents have(55) already begun to show how mistaken we are when wetry to derive our picture of the ancient world exclusivelyfrom literary sources, especially myths. L6-7 L(列举考点)L10 J B(Am)(观点已知,具体例子略读,纪录大写名词);L15 SE(Structural Elements)(B提出的观点)L22 H(记录专有名词)L23 5 c(纪录特殊年代)L24 Sa(记录专有名词)L28 SE(段首转折,否定上文观点)L41 SE(作者观点,purpose of强驱动短语,值得关注)L49 B-(misled反映作者对B持负态度,否定了B的结论)

  文章结构分析:

  第一遍快速读原文,读者首先应该对原文的结构有个大致的把握。这篇文章的结构分析如下:

  首段,介绍了一个文化背景。在首段末尾,主人公J B登场;

  第2段,先阐述了B的观点(women were dominant in many ancient societies)及作者提出此观点所依据的前提(mythology and legend reserve fact),后用evidence证明之;

  第3段,首句Nonetheless为一个强转折词,从前提上否定了B。

  第4段,作者提出自己的看法,并从观点上直接否定了B。全文末句,重申对B观点前提的否定。

  全文结构组成为:除首段背景外,其余部分为"新观点****旧观点"型文章,重在"****",即对B观点的驳斥。

  想了解更多GRE阅读网的资讯,请访问: GRE阅读

本文来源:https://gre.liuxue86.com/g/240514.html
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