1. Patel： Although enrollment in the region’s high school has been decreasing for several years， enrollment at the elementary school has grown considerably. Therefore， the regional school board proposes building a new elementary school.
Quintero： Another solution would be to convert some high school classrooms temporarily into classrooms for elementary school students.
Which of the following， if true， most helps to support Quintero’s alternative proposal?
(A) Some rooms at the high school cannot be con-verted into rooms suitable for the use of ele-mentary school students.
(B) The cost of building a high school is higher than the cost of building an elementary school.
(C) Although the birth rate has not increased， the number of families sending their children to the region’s high school has increased markedly.
(D) A high school atmosphere could jeopardize the safety and self-confidence of elementary school students.
(E) Even before the region’s high school population began to decrease， several high school class- rooms rarely needed to be used.
2. Peter： More than ever before in Risland， college graduates with science degrees are accepting permanent jobs in other fields. That just goes to show that scientists in Risland are not being paid enough.
Lila： No， it does not. These graduates are not working in science for the simple reason that there are not enough jobs in science in Risland to employ all of these graduates.
Which of the following， if true in Risland， would most undermine the reasoning in Peter’s argument?
(A) The college graduates with science degrees who are not working in science are currently earning lower salaries than they would earn as scientists.
(B) Fewer college students than ever before are receiving degrees in science.
(C) The number of jobs in science has steadily risen in the last decade.
(D) A significant number of college graduates with science degrees worked at low-paying jobs while they were in college.
(E) Every year some recent college graduates with science degrees accept permanent jobs in nonscientific fields.
3.Counselor： Every year a popular newsmagazine pub-lishes a list of United States colleges， ranking them according to an overall numerical score that is a composite of ratings according to sev-eral criteria. However， the overall scores gen-erally should not be used by students as the basis for deciding to which colleges to apply.
Which of the following， if true， most helps to justify the counselor’s recommendation?
(A) The vast majority of people who purchase the magazine in which the list appears are not college-bound students.
(B) Colleges that are ranked highest in the magazine’s list use this fact in advertisements aimed at attracting students.
(C) The rankings seldom change from one year to the next.
(D) The significance that particular criteria have for any two students is likely to differ according to the students’ differing needs.
(E) Some college students who are pleased with their schools considered the magazine’s rankings before deciding which college to attend.
4. A thorough search of Edgar Allan Poe’s correspon-dence has turned up not a single letter in which he mentions his reputed morphine addiction. On the basis of this evidence it is safe to say that Poe’s reputation for having been a morphine addict is undeserved and that reports of his supposed addiction are untrue.
Which of the following is assumed by the argument above?
(A) Reports claiming that Poe was addicted to mor-phine did not begin to circulate until after his death.
(B) None of the reports of Poe’s supposed morphine addiction can be traced to individuals who actu-ally knew Poe.
(C) Poe’s income from writing would not have been sufficient to support a morphine addiction.
(D) Poe would have been unable to carry on an extensive correspondence while under the influence of morphine.
(E) Fear of the consequences would not have pre- vented Poe from indicating in his correspon-dence that he was addicted to morphine.
参考答案： 1.E 2.A 3.D 4.E